Pigeon Diet: Nutritional Information

The following table can hopefully help you to formulate your own pigeon or analyse your current feeds and help you to adjust accrodiny.

NB Carbohydrates = Energy, Fat = Store of Energy, Protein= Growth of Cells and Muscles. (strength)

Cereal grains: Is excellent food for pigeons. Grains have high starch content (40-75%) and are easily digested and provide a good supplement to the legumes.
Carbohydrate (g) Protein (g) Fat (g) Comments
Barley 73.5 12.5 2.3 Excellent Feed with fiber and vitamins
Hard red wheat 71 13 2 Excellent Feed, High digestible proteins and low fat content
Maize (Corn) 74 9 5 Good Food, low protein, high Starch but has the highest fat content from legumes and grains.
Oats 66 17 7 Oats stimulate the nervous system and are particularly useful in preparing for the breeding season.
Sorghum (Dari) 75 11 3 Highest Carbohydrate value but low in protein thus less valuable as a feed.
Legumes or pulses: Is an important part of a pigeon’s diet. They have a greater percentage of protein and minerals than grains and many seeds, and have low fiber content. They are necessary to provide a full range of amino acids.
Carbohydrate Protein Fat Comments
chickpeas 60.7 19.3 6
Green Peas 60.4 24.6 1.2 Green peas are the most suitable protein rich legumes for our pigeons. In addition, the various vitamins are better represented than in other legumes. Green peas have good vitamin B content, and contain vitamin E and carotene. Green peas should form 50% of the leguminous part of the diet.


Linseed 28.9 18.3 42.2 Linseed has about the same protein content as green peas but a much higher fat content Linseed may be given only in very small quantities. It helps the growth of young birds. Moreover, linseed gives the pigeon smooth and silky plumage.
Hemp 23.2 36.7 32.7 The pigeons eagerly consume hemp. It is high in fat and protein and stimulates the sex drive. Feed it only in small quantities.
Safflower 34 16 38 Safflower seed is high in protein but also has a very high fat content. Therefore 1-2% in the food mixture is adequate.

16 responses to this post.

  1. Posted by abhijit bhatkar on April 16, 2010 at 8:25 am

    about high flying pigeons


  2. Posted by Irfan Baig on May 5, 2010 at 8:44 pm

    Thanks for Very informative article


  3. Posted by Hanif on December 1, 2010 at 6:19 am

    Dear Majnun,

    Greatings of the day!

    All informations about Pigeons was very usefull I request you to send more info about high flyer.

    Thanks & Regards


  4. Posted by MOHAMED MUBASHIR on December 26, 2011 at 3:41 am

    Great work ,informative,outstanding,i had made a good pigeon mix
    i reguest to send me more info about fantail pigeon


  5. Posted by Lanier on March 7, 2012 at 5:48 pm

    Do pigeons like green peas? I guess its too big for them to pick it up?


  6. Posted by Forrest McKingsley on June 28, 2012 at 4:40 am

    Great, now I know what to feed my pigeon.

    Forrest Kingsley.


  7. Whatever truly stimulated you to compose “Pigeon Diet: Nutritional Information Pigeon Loft”?

    I personallyhonestly appreciated the blog post! Thanks for your effort ,Van


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  9. Interesting & very informative;Something has motivated you for the good cause of pigeon;may god bless u!


  10. Posted by Robin on November 16, 2014 at 7:31 pm

    looking for pigeon nutrition advice. My 2 are very picky eaters and throw food.. They do better w lentils and mung beans they will also eat black oil sunflower and safflower seeds and fresh kale. If I quit buyingwhat they waste and feed primarily these do you think they will be OK? They are pets, a homer type and an indian fantail.


  11. I feed almond soaked over night &crushed to fine paste before feeding them.Reason being it had 2 problem ;a broken beak & a nervpus problem with slight paralysis problem ;baked crushed wheat chapattis also feeded.;then it help himself with wjeat htaim & bajra by going in big plastic con tainer.Occasional cod liver oil;as this was a wild rescued pigeon due to illness somewhat like coçcidiosis,it was comfortable taking feed of soaked chama dal &wheat with my hand but is happy on its own .i think abt how to add nutrition as grit is required too so add bit vimeral in grain,tiny charcoal,cuttle boneor give some calci or garlic when NEC essary.


  12. It’s useful information
    I need the ration required for pigeon production for commercial meat ( digestion protein %, CF% , metabolizabil energy kcal / kg , vitamins and minerals )
    And I will buy small pellet machine for pigeon feed I believe pellet is best way to have full nutrients req. for pigeon
    So what is the pellet size will be perfect for pigeon
    With best wishes


  13. Posted by Julian holman on September 10, 2015 at 8:10 pm

    My young pigeon is mad for halvah. Sesame seed is not listed here. He also likes small whole lentils. Peas seem to big for him. I think i have been overindulging his taste for hemp


  14. Posted by Srinidhi Roy .M.H on March 8, 2018 at 6:31 pm

    Sir m a new fancier plz tel me which type of seeds we hav to provide the pigeon for win a race compitation still short to long distance can anyone help me and how much we provide and @ what time we hav to provide to pigeon in the racing season


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